Four Billion Years and Counting

Canada’s Geological Heritage

Four Billion Years and Counting is a book that will take you on an epic journey of discovery, revealing how Canada’s rocks, fossils, and landscapes have evolved over time.  An ever–shifting drama featuring the building and dismantling of continents and the opening and closing of oceans, the story highlights the basic concepts about rocks, plate tectonics, geological time, and fossils, using Canadian examples.  The book shows how these topics are foundations for economic and social issues–such as water, energy and mineral resources, landslides, the environment, and climate change–that impact our lives every day.

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This website contains downloadable illustrations from the book for educational and non–profit purposes (see licensing agreement below).  The illustrations are arranged, as in the book, by chapter and boxplease go to “The book” link in the menu bar for an overview of the book.  Click on the appropriate chapter or box to see thumbnails of the illustrations available for download.  A caption for each illustration is also available for download.  This website is intended to be used in conjunction with the book, in which the context for individual illustrations is evident and the terms used in the captions are fully explained. 
 
All photographic and graphic images (henceforth referred to as images) posted on this site are copyright of the persons and/or institutions indicated in the caption directly associated with each image.  The copyright holders have agreed that you may use their images for educational, non–commercial purposes only and provided that they are credited in each instance of use.  For all other uses you must contact the copyright holder.
All photographic and graphic images (henceforth referred to as images) posted on this site are copyright of the persons and/or institutions indicated in the caption directly associated with each image.  The copyright holders have agreed that you may use their images for educational, non-commercial purposes only and provided that they are credited in each instance of use.  For all other uses you must contact the copyright holder.
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